Huesca and the Chalice of Holy Supper
When we are reading something that brought over Saint Grail, without no type of doubt, will be found us before a based narration in historial facts, with objective demonstrations and contributions that fluctuate, between the undesmostrable tradition and the legend of Aragón that, furthermore had a great expansion by all Europe. By a side, figure San Lorenzo and the caroligiam and morarab tradition of Saint Juan de la Peña, and of other, the germanics mythes. All this, turnes around a goblet of stone that -upon seeming- was the Chalice used by Christ in Holy Supper. This Chalice, see manner of varied parts.
GOBLET, that is worked in cherry-red carnelian, with grizzly veins. The dimensions are: 9.5 cm. of diameter in the mouth and 7 cm. of highness. It is proceeding from an eastern grecian-romanesque factory and is dated between the centuries II-I before C. .
FOOT, also of chalcedony, of ovoid form, like a little ship, with overflows of gold, . .. It is from Córdoba workshop and it dates between the centuries X to the XII. It have recorded an arab inscription, of rude execution ("lilzahira") that alludes to the palace of Medina Azzahara. It could be made by an artisan of Aragón in Middle Age, but no in Saint Juán de la Peña, therefore there only was Chalice in the current manner.
KNOT, the gold work, the stones (emeralds and berylliums) and the pearls, are medieval. Emptied gemma, were an habitual practice of the centuries XII and XIV. In the year 1.399, could have finished mounting the Chalice such and as it is known today. It is guarded in the Capitulate Hall constructed in Cathedral of Valence, since 1.536.
An esoteric version of the Grail, sustained that was Joseph of Arimatea, who caught the goblet that served for Consecration in Holy (Last) Supper and filled with the blood and the water that flow of the broadside of Christ, after Longinos injure Him. But it seems more logical that this goblet was guarded by the owner of the house ( disciple of Jesús ), after the rite of the supper, due to the value material, but over all by immense spiritual recognition. Nevertheless, little can affirm the vicissitudes of the Chalice, in these times and back. The historic darkness will persist until 1.399.
Do not know how Chalice arrived at Rome, though all does to think that was thank you to Saint Pedro ( first Pope ). To Huesca, would arrive with Saint Lorenzo, two days before the martyrdom ( 10 of August of the 258); and in the year 713, would be already in Saint Juan de la Peña. Also tell that, between the 712 and 713, it was carried with the Bishop Acisclo of Huesca, while he were fleeing the invasion arab. Afterwards, would have a travel to Jaca ( Borau), Aljafería of Zaragoza, Barcelona and, finally Valence. This tradition that has recounted to be " contaminated" by that is born in Europe during Middle Age, with a vision particular something of the Grail or "Graal" , As guess in: The epics poems of Christian of Troye; in the "Parcival" of the Wolfram of Eschenbach or in the dramas of R. Wagner "Parsifal" and "Lohengrim". .... The legend counted that in the Graal is guarded the blood that flows of the wound of the broadside of Jesús, hurt by the centurión. The lance and the goblet with Divine Blood, were ransomed by Titurel who, together to other gentlemans, was converted in the guardian, in the top of the Montsalvat of Pyrenees, freeed of the dominion arab. The sorceress Kundry,that made fun of Jesús when He was going road of the Gólgota, was condemned to wander eternally by the earth, until that somebody might redeem the guilt. This witch, together with other magicians and wizards, had thrown a curse over Montsalvat, of mode that the blood of the Redeemer not could realize the marvel of offering Spirit Saint to the guardians. A young hero, called Parsifal, with the lance that injured to Christ, will terminate with the bewitchment and will work the miracle.
There is a lot of Chalices distributed by all the geographies and many historic personages related with they: The same Juan II, Martin el Humano, etc., ....... and enough authors and studious in the theme: Gaspar Escolano ( Century XVII ), J. Agustín Carreras, Ramírez y Orta ( canon of Zaragoza ), etc., ........ All they have written and contributed opinions; some, of scarce rigor historic, as in the case of Carreras. But the majority coincide in that distinct pieces that composed Chalice, in a determined moment, were unite in Saint Juan de la Peña, where would be mounted by a goldsmith ( more french that mozarabic) in the principles of the XIV century. Later, and by other hand, would be to it applied the edge that has in the foot, with the pearls and stones. Thus was as was, when died Martín el Humano in the year 1.410. Neither can be excluded, that some of these manipulations might effect in Barcelona, during the years that there remains Chalice, and that were the comprehended between 1399 and 1410.
* Manuel Tomé Bosqued.