Huesca temática

Number 100. September of 2006Spanish language Principal menu

Ortilla village

A welcoming corner
to enjoy peace in abundance.

      A place of the county of Huesca, located in the Hole ("Hoya"); it forms municipality with Lupiñén. Altitude of 467 meters on the sea level. It is from Huesca 22 kilometers. The gentile is "ortillano".
      We have to arrive to Esquedas town -for the National Highway 340 in direction to Ayerbe- where by hand left starts the deviation for Lupiñén and Ortilla. The landscape is flat still, inside the Valley (Hole) of Huesca, although to the North appear the mountains summits with the characteristic pick of Gratal in the horizon. Toward the South some mounts of ochre color are timidly elevated, in direction to the reservoir of Sotonera.
      To the little of passing Lupiñén -that goes into to the left of the highway-, the traveler already sights the village of Ortilla, with its urban layout on the plain, of wide and right streets in its majority. There is harmony in the group, without hardly dissonances. A term's cross is raised in one of the roads of access to the town. Some houses, of good stonework, shine stones coats of arms in their facades or in top of the monumental gate.
      It emphasizes the church of San Gil, building of Romanesque origin, style that is still conserved in the ship and in some cantilevers of the exterior. Five archivolts the cover shows, gotten off in capitals of geometric topics. The temple has plant of Latin cross and is covered with canyon vault, except the head and the arms of the crossed ship that make it with vault. It suffered reformations and amplifications in the XVII and XVIII centuries that deprived its primitive charm.
     The hermitage of Nuestra Señora de la Garganta it is a modest building of a ship, covered by vault of section of rectilinear arch. The biggest chapel covers, in turn, with vault. The last works come from half-filled of the XIX century, judging by the appearances. Ortilla formed City Council with Montmesa till 1970-1980 in that it was united to Lupiñén to form the new City Council of Lupiñén-Ortilla, with county town in Lupiñén.

     The first mention of the place seems to come from the year 1118, according to investigations carried out by Durán Gudiol in the diplomatic "Collection of the cathedral of Huesca." It was a royal place, and of its church depended those of The Mosque, Sargadillo and mount of Secastilla, as Madoz refers.
     In the XV century it had 18 fires (a fire = 4 persons), and by the middle of the XIX century ended up taking a census of 348 inhabitants. At the present time probably it doesn't overcome the 100 inhabitants.
      Ortilla is shown improved in its urban aspect; its wide streets remain clean in spite of the profusion of works of rehabilitation of some houses that, with a lot of probability, will be busy during the Summers and weekends. Really, the tranquility that is emanated, invites intensely to the rest.
     The brief visit leaves in our memory, the wide square of the fronton, in front of the cover of the parochial church, or that minuscule and peaceful park, where the children can enjoy with the devices of games,... or also a stone sheet embedded to the facade of an elegant house that says the following thing: "The Institute of Studies Oscense, in homage to Excmo, Mr. D. Felipe Perena, Lieutenant general of the Real Armies of Spain, hero of the Independence Country and illustrate son of Huesca. 2-11-MCMLIX, remembering to the famous personage.

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Alfonso ZapaterManuel Tomé  Ver fotografías de este artículo .... * "Aragón Pueblo a Pueblo", by Alfonso Zapater
** Manuel Tomé Bosqued

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