Huesca temática

Number 117 - February of 2008Spanish language Principal menu

Antillón town

roman and monumental town

      Place of the province of Huesca, located in the Hoya (Hole) of Huesca. Inhabitants: 163 in 2004. Altitude: 513 meters on the level of the sea. It's from Huesca 27 kilometers. They are named "antillonenses" and "antillonero" also.
      The gray colour of the holm oaks altenates with the gray of the olive trees; this happens when the plain of Huesca, in route towards Barbastro, is waved with smooth mountainous reliefs. Soon it is plain again, with the green colour of seeded in the Spring and promising gold in the Autumn. Territories of bread and wine, in a route where each town tries of being a watchtower of the landscape, rising on hillocks, being based in hills, looking for the height with which to make more pleasing the contemplation of surrounding area. It could be that Antillón must its name to Antillo emperor, son of Marco Aurelio; although this matter is not confirmed.
      It is possible to arrive by two routes. First, to sixteen kilometers from Huesca, by the highway of Pertusa; Antillón arises after a route from ten kilometers, leaving Blecua to the right side. Second, starting from Angüés, by Bespén, where the Romanesque is made gothic also, at its time of transition already.
      By this last route we arrive at the precipice of the Sentif, saved by a graceful bridge. To the bottom, crowning the top, rises Antillón, a "rockero" town based in the smooth hill that dominates the plain. Thera are some buildings that were born of the alive rock or the same walls. The distances are signalized: Huesca: 26 kilometers; Pertusa: 9; Bespén: 3. Ninety and six, then, from Zaragoza, by a total itinerary of attractives and suggestions.
     Of the highway of Huesca we go to the street of San Juán. One and another have its justification, inasmuch as one takes to the capital and other puts to us in the front sight of the hermitage of San Juán (century XVIII), crowning a hill located opposite where the town is located, without more separation than the highway of Pertusa. Another hermitage is the of San Cosme and San Damián, of the s. XVII.
      Most of the streets conserve its native denominations, imposed by the custom and the logic. Of that form, the Low street is because occupies that situation in the town, and the street of Middle is also because indeed is in the middle of the urban nucleus, although within the walls. All the streets shine a cute and decorated label and are well clean and paved. The traveller will be immediately surprised with the remains of walls whereupon the town was fortified by Christians and Muslims, declared nowadays like good of cultural interest.

      The town also grew by outside these walls, whereas inside the ashlar masonry stones come out to the way by any street; the canvas of that typical wall even emerge over some tile roofs. To the old nucleus it is acceded by the Low street, through an arc practiced in the wall.
      Street advanced we arrived at the church of the Natividad of the Virgin, with romanesque tower. The apse seems later and is put to the main body. Three times are seen: the pure romanesque, other than must correspond to centuries XIV or XV and another of more recent aspect. In front of the church a great paved esplanade is opened, with airs of great square, a zone of recreation for children to a side and archaeological remains of which it seems a dolmen, into a niche in the other sidewalk. In addition to the bordering square to the church, there is another, next to the highway, where the City Council rises, a building of renewed aspect.
      From the hill, at the end of each street, the gray and green landscape is contemplated; the ample plains to both margins of the precipice of the Sentif, a point of suggestive name. The waters that get down in torrent, when it's raining, run to the encounter of the Alcanadre river.
      They have several celebrations. The last Friday of April, there is a Romería (procession) to the Sanctuary of the Virgin of the Pueyo de Barbastro. Soon the Greater Celebrations in honor to the Virgin are, day 8 of September. The 27 of September, will be the Smaller Celebrations, dedicated to San Cosme and San Damián.

  Click, another photo

      Famous is Antillón by its wines; it has outdoors a wine museum, that gives faith of the tradition and preoccupation by the culture of the grapevine. The Huesca plain, in route towards Barbastro, is producing a very good wines.
     Civil monuments are: old bread furnace, laundry, romanesque source and old oil factory. Antillón constitutes an invitation that we must take advantage.


Alfonso Zapater, writer consulting  Manuel Tomé  Photograhic album  of the town * Alfonso ZAPATER
* Manuel Tomé Bosqued

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