| A doctor and a theologian
born in Upper Aragon
Miguel Servet was born in Villanueva
of Sigena (Huesca) September 29 1511 - although the exact date
of the birth is uncertain -. His authentic name was Miguel Serveto
y Conesa, alias "Revés". Call also Miguel de
Villanueva, Michel de Villeneuve or, in Latin, Michael Servetus.
Miguel's father, Antón - from Villanueva -, was a real
Notary of the Monastery of Sigena, with headquarters in it,
and assisted the juridical conflicts of their monastery mainly. His
mother, Catalina Conesa, came from Barbastro.
He had a brother, Juan, who
was priest of Poleñino, and another older brother, Pedro,
that would inherit the notary's office, and that was his successor's
father, also named Antón, and of two important clergymen: Pedro
Antonio, bishop of Albarracín, and Marco Antonio,
abbot of Montearagón. Miguel's childhood lapses in his
native town, where receives the first letters, also studying in Huesca
and in the Monastery of Montearagón.
He studied Law in the university of
Toulouse, medicine in the universities of Paris and Montpellier and
theology in Leuven. Starting from yera 1540, he practiced the medicine
in Vienne, France, where also exercised as the archbishop's personal
doctor. Around year 1540 he began to maintain correspondence with
the Protestant French theologian Calvin.
With hardly 13 years, he enters as
page of Quintana, deputy, with which travels for Spain. He
dominates for then Latin, Greek and Hebrew. Three years later, he
will return to Villanueva, but his father will send him to
study laws in Toulouse (France). Lapsed two years, he starts to the
service of Quintana again, confessor of Carlos I. He
will travel for Italy, attending the Emperor's Coronation in Bologna,
and later he will move to Germany. He was 19 years old, when left
the Court to transform himself into reformer. Lutero called him "Moorish"
for that time. Being guest of Ecolampadio in Basle, he will discuss
violently with him. Next year we will find him in Strasbourg, where
his relationships with Bucero and Capito, finish sourly. He publishes
"De Trinitatis erroribus", signing with his complete
name. One year later he is already pursued by the reformers and Catholic
in Switzerland and Germany, for what escapes from Lyon, changing name
and his origin country, making call Miguel Villanovano, Navarrese
of nation and son of the town of Tudela.
The theological thoughts of Serveto
were rigorously criticized a lot of time by the Catholics and Protestants
of his time. In 1531, he rejected, in 'De Trinitatis Erroribus'
(Of the errors on Trinidad), the tripartite personality of
God, as well as the ritual of the baptism, and in 1532 he wrote 'Dialogorum
of Trinitate Libri Duet' (Second book of dialogues on Trinidad).
Four were the men that more influential in his life: Quintana,
Champier, Pagnini and Palmier.
survive he works of corrector of printing tests; for his domain of
the languages and big knowledge take charge of the publication of
Ptolomeo's Geography that he improved, for what he has been considered
founder of the Ethnography and of the compared Geography. He corrected
a Botany, demonstrating his disposition for the Biological Sciences.
He was also professor of Mathematics (then it also understood Geography,
Astronomy, and Astrology), where desirous numerous public went of
hearing "Doux savant espagnol."
In Paris, where he studied Medicine,
Silvio wrote: "I had for assistants to Vesalio, young very diligent
in Anatomy, and later to Miguel Villanovano, eminent male in
all the letters and to none inferior in the doctrine of Physician."
His scientific contributions were notables also, because he was the
first in describing the lung circulation in Christianismi Restitutio
(Restitution of the Christianity), published a little before his death.
When the Inquisition publishes its
ordinance calling to 40 fugitives, the list will be headed by Miguel
Although Servet continued being
considered Catholic (although only by name), He described his heretical
opposition to the concept of Trinidad (Trinity) and he requested
permission to visit the theocratic city of Geneva. Once there he was
arrested, accused of heresy and blasphemy against the Christianity,
and burned in the blaze October 27 1553. He was executed then by the
Calvinist government of Geneva because of his beliefs.
Miguel Servet is in many aspects
one of the most remarkable men in the sixteen century. His interests
embraced many sciences: the astronomy and the meteorology, the geography,
the jurisprudence, the theology and the study of the Bible, the mathematics,
the anatomy and the medicine. The tragic death that he suffered, transformed
him into the first and more famous martyr for a faith whose trajectory
has continued per centuries. The documents about the life of Servet
are scarce and nconsistents and the many gaps are completed with all
series of conjectures that, such and like it has been demonstrated
later, have turned out to be erroneous.