Huesca temática

Number 130 - March of 2009Spanish language Principal menu

Three "Sorores"

"Huesca" legend
about Lost Mount massif

      Fantastic Pyrenees are favorable to the legends, and the impressive massif of Monte Perdido (Lost Mount), is not unaware to them. On the origin of the three summits that integrate there arelegends, related in different ways, although coincide in the protagonism of three women. One of those legends, counts it by this way:
      the century V runs, and the Visigothic commander Eurico has razed a town of Pyrinees; three sisters orphans by mother, that will marry that day, have hidden while her father and her boyfriends have been prisoners. When they return to the town, see desolation, death and a Visigothic wounded to who they cure with the promise of the prisoners' liberation. Taken to the camp, they are received cordially but, lapsed the days they remind to the soldier their commitment who tells them that their boyfriends, previous faith adjuration have married wirh three Goths and that now they are in mission of Eurico. When passing of the time, shrunk the pain, a youth marries with the saved youth man and the other ones with both warriors. The night of weddings are appeared the father's spectrum and the youths escape from the camp settling of penitents in three barrack to backs of Lost Mount.
      The three prisoners are hung while a terrible avalanche of snow buries the shacks of three unhappy women and an awful earthquake rises, on that place they occupy, three somber mounts: Three Sorores, like memory of that triple apostasy and in answer to a curse.
      Ramón J. Sender, offers us another story in that contrary to other Sorores, here is not punishment to the spiritual infidelity, but a prize to the solidity of the Christian faith. In an old monastery of Saint Bernard nuns, in the valley of Bielsa, some surrendered to the sexual biggest licentiousness (promoted by the chaplain of the convent and three noblemen) to exception of three Sorores: Clara, Ana and Pilar. Of everything, gives reason a file found in the Simancas Archive, in which are reflected the events according which saw the king's visitor Felipe II, called Gómez Laín. R. J. Sender gave a faithful transcription, for what we know that, next to the parish priest, the chaplain and the three implied in the orgies (Teófilo of Ter, Domingo of Santa Lucía and Juan of Villacampa), were the superior of the convent (Sister Águeda of the Five Wounds), Sister Marta of Three Cruces, Sister Cristobalina of Vendòme and Sister Juana María of the Apocalypse (both French), Sister Fernanda of Santa Cruz, Sister Melancia of Santa María Magdalena, Sister Cecilia Ramona Nonata (of Segovia), Sister Josefa del Monte Olivet, Sister Nicolasa of Ecce Homo and Flavia and Artemia. The three faithful nuns had tragic final: Sister Ana hung; Sister Clara was murdered and Sister Pilar died shut up, of hunger and terror. Their bodies would be buried in the Monasterio de las Huelgas of Burgos and the memory of their purity and martyrdom, is in those three masses, with their snowy picks.
      Geographically Monte Perdido is the calcareous massif more high of Europe. Its higher pick is the Lost Mount with an altitude of 3.355 meters on the sea level. It is located to the North of the county of Huesca, in the National Park of Ordesa and Lost Mount inside the south slope of the western Pyrenees, in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain
      The massif of Lost Mount, known by Three Sorores or Treserols, compose it the Picks of Lost Mount (3.355 m), Cylinder (3.328 m), and Añisclo (3.263 m) also called, this last one, Soum of Ramond, dedicated to Louis Ramond of Carbonnières, the first that ascended and counted it. In this sector they are 22 summits of more than 3.000 m.

      The National Park of Ordesa and Lost Mount, is constituted by 4 valleys of extraordinary beauty: Ordesa to the Southwest, Añisclo to the South, Escuaín to the Southeast and Pineta to the East. A part of the massif goes into to the North in French territory, being part of Parc National des Pyrénées, highlighting the Valley and Circus of Gavarnie, impressive glacier circus that has the highest cascade in Europe in their head, with more than 400 meters of vertical fall.
     Mount Lost is the pick of the left and the right is the Cylinder (see from the north). In the north face of the Lost Mount is one of the few glaciers that continue existing in Pyrenees, although in slow but continuous setback. It is about a "tongue" with a lot of slope that has a front of about 750 meters and goes from the 2.700 to the 3.250 meters high.
      Among the mountaineer, Lost Mount enjoys a great popularity because it is a tres mil (three thounsands) relatively easy of attacking. The normal road of ascent is made through the refuge of Góriz (2.200 m), where it is habitual to spend the night, and the channel of escupidera ("the spittoon"), one of the black points of Pyrenees where have been perished of accident many climbers trying to reach the summit. This massif is included inside the Reservation of the biosphere Ordesa-Viñamala declared by Unesco in 1997.      
      Soum of Ramond, call Pico de Añisclo also, is a pick of 3.263 m of height of the massif of Lost Mount, inside the Spanish part of the mountain range of Pyrenees and that is located among the valleys of Ordesa, Añisclo and Pineta, in the National Park of Ordesa and Lost Mount. Inside the massif of Lost Mount, the biggest three summits are known as Three Sorores or Three Serols, of those that Soum of Ramond (3.263 m) is the more Southeasternl and follows the own Lost Mount (3.355 m) and the Pick Cylinder (3.328 m). The name Soum of Ramond is in honor to the mountaineer that first stepped the summit of the Lost Mount, Louis Ramond of Carbonnières, and that of Pick Añisclo is due to that its south slope dominates the impressive Canyon of Añisclo.

  Click, see another photograph

      The pick Cylinder, called Cylinder of Marboré also, is a pick of 3.328 m of height of the massif of Lost Mount, inside the mountain range of Pyrenees and that is located entirely in Spain (Valley of Ordesa), but very near the frontier with France (Circus of Gavarnie) with the that limits the Pick Marboré, being included in the National Spanish Park of Ordesa and Lost Mount and near to the National Park of Pyrenees.
      Its name is due to the impressive North face, a vertical rounded wall with a form that remembers to a geometric cylinder and its nickname is due to that the same North face dominates the circus glacier of Marboré, where there is the Ibón of Marboré (mountain lake).

      Another legend about "Three Sorores"


 Otras fuentes de información  Manuel Tomé *  Diverse sources
** Wikipedia
*** Manuel Tomé Bosqued

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