| Picturesque place
of relaxation and rest
A place in the province of Huesca,
belonging to the municipality of Siétamo. Its inhabitants are
not many other of thirty. Altitude: 588 meters on the sea level. It
is distant from Huesca 15 kilometers. They are named: castejonenses.
The Huesca Under-mountains undulates
smoothly and looks for viewpoints of the scenery near Siétamo,
where the count of Aranda was born. From there starts the detour
for Castejón de Arbaniés, from the Barbastro highway,
although also the traveler can choose for the Bandaliés highway
and give the detour, including in the route the locality of Arbaniés,
which gives surname to Castejón. In entire are fifteen kilometers
from Huesca city, for the shortest route.
The urban nucleus settles on a hillock
that dominates partially the flatness. The Somontano shows
to the Sun and to the wind the dryness of the ground, where the thyme
and the ontina grow. To stretches are seen also the dark holm oaks.
Castejón of Arbaniés joined Siétamo in 1845, and later,
in 1873, would be depending on the municipality of Arbaniés,
to integrate finally, again, in Siétamo. Its
municipal independence was short, of little more than two periods
of five years. At present it is provided with scarcely 40 inhabitants,
census that in the past, went so far as to have 150.
The place is already mentioned in the
XIth century, since in the "Diplomatic Collection" of Pedro I,
is known that this monarch gave to the monastery of Montearagón
the church of «Castelgón«. Some centuries later, on August
3, 1357, Pedro IV of Aragon ordered those of Castejón de
Arbaniés not to humiliate Teresa Díaz of Mendoza, whom
the place belonged, since such a domain was not accepted of good grade
by the neighbors. In this case on August 18, 1391, Juan I of
Aragon sold Castejón de Arbaniés to the Montearagón
monastery. On March 23, 1428, Alfonso V of Aragon incorporated
the place into the Crown and prohibited to alienate it. On February
10, 1440, the same monarch donated the mere and mixed empire. Finally,
it is known that in the XVIth century Castejón de Arbaniés
belonged to Melchor González.
The building of the parochial church
rises almost in the auction of the hillock where the urban nucleus
is located. The temple is dedicated to San Esteban and consists
of only a nave covered with vault of fanlights and cruise that is
covered, at its time, with elliptical reduced vault on scallops. The
factory is of the XVIIIth century. There survive pieces of gold work
of the XVIth and XVIIth centuries and also of the epoch in which the
church was constructed.
The Castejón inhabitants live
dedicated, in general, to the agriculture and the stockbreeding. Although
the depopulation was much accused in the last decades, the emigration
seems suppressed. At least, the number of inhabitants does not descend
already in a way so alarming as in days gone by.
- Do you know? - reported a neighbor,
slyly-. We do not know who put us for nickname "the thumbtacks", and
so we are known in the region. But it is not true: we do not sting
anybody, we do not even bother anybody. It would be necessary to know
the origin of many nicknames to justify their existence.
Castejón of Arbaniés offers
an improved, rehabilitated, respectful urban aspect with the traditional
architecture; and also, constitutes an adequate place for the withdrawal
and rest, in which in some way, the hurries run.