| First king of
the Crown of Aragon
He was born in Huesca March 24
1157. In the Petronila queen's testament, his mother, calls
to him Alfonso and points out that her husband called Ramón
to him. The documentation of the time confirms that from his birth
was designated indistinctly by the two names: Alfonso and Ramón.
First-born son of Ramón Berenguer
IV the Saint -count of Barcelona and from 1137 prince from
Aragon and count of Barcelona- and of Petronila, queen
of Aragon, he reigned with Alfonso's name in honor to Alfonso
I El Batallador his grandfather's brother. When completing the
legal age -seven years- to be able to assume the regal dignity, he
receives from his mother -the queen Petronila- in 1164, jointly the
Kingdom of Aragon and the County of Barcelona that after the
incorporation of the Kingdom of Valencia, and from the last
decade of the XIII century, will begin to receive the denomination
of Crown of Aragon, although between the XII century and the XIV the
most extended expression to refer to the lands and towns of the Aragon
Kingdom was that of "Casal d'Aragó".
He married in Zaragoza with Sancha
of Castile and Poland (aunt of Alfonso VIII of Castile) January
18 1174, being 16 years old, to the age that, according to the Canonical
Right, a married man reached the age majority. Also, with he was armed
gentleman and could act to the front of his Kingdom without the tutorship
of the magnates that had exercised from 1162.
He incorporated to his Kingdom the lands
occitanas of Provenza, Rosellón and Pallars Jussà.
He signed with his brother-in-law, the Castilian king Alfonso
VIII, the treaty of Cazorla in 1179, but years later and by
means of the treaty of Huesca (1191), he allied with the kings
of León, Portugal and Navarrese against the Castilian hegemony.
His son Pedro II happen him in the peninsular possessions. He aided
the arts and the norms of the courteous love and himself trained in
the poetry, exchanging writings with important minstrels of this time
like Giraut of Bornelh.
Having to choose to be buried in the
paternal mausoleum in the Monastery of Ripoll, or to be buried in
the married mausoleum of the Monastery of Sigena, he chose
the Monastery of Poblet for not to raise suspicions. His testament
specifies that, in the event of having conquered Valencia in
life, should be buried in Puig (Valencia), place that
he had already donated to the monastery of Poblet in February
of 1176, a desire expressed also by his son Pedro II of Aragon
and also died without completing it.
Several of the counts of Barcelona from
Wifredo el Velloso had been buried in Ripoll, while
other they were in another places, among them the monastery of San
Pablo del Campo and the cathedrals of Barcelona and Gerona.
- Pedro II of Aragon, the Catholic
(1174 - 1213), king from Aragon, with the name of Pedro II and count
of Barcelona, with the name of Pedro I.
- Constanza (1179 - 1222), married
in 1198 with Emerico I of Hungary and in 1210 with Federico
II Hohenstaufen, Sacred Germanic Roman Emperor, King of Sicily and
King of Jerusalem.
- Alfonso (1180 - 1209), count
of Provenza, with the name of Alfonso II.
- Leonor (1182 - 1226), married
in 1202 with Ramón VI of Tolosa.
- Sancha (1186 - 1241), married
in 1211 with Ramón VII of Tolosa.
- Sancho, dead when young.
- Ramón Berenguer, dead when
- Fernando (1190 - 1249), entered
as Cistercian monk in the Monastery of Poblet
- Dulce (1192 -?), entered as nun in
the Monastery of Sijena, ending up being commander of San
In the testament, Alfonso II
prepared that, to his death - happened in Perpiñán April 25
1196 - his territories were distributed among his two children: Pedro,
king of Aragon and count of Barcelona (1196-1213), and Alfonso,
count of Provenza, Milhau and Gavaldá (1196-1209).
With this probate disposition, besides endowing of a domain to his
smaller son, the king sanctioned the necessity of Provenza
to have an own governor. In 1185, Alfonso II had named count
of Provenza to his son Alfonso, minor of age; for that
reason, the king took charge the Provencal government to attorneys,
as Roger Bernat of Foix (1185-1188), Barral of Marseilles (1188-1192)
and Lope Jiménez.
King by Aragon and Count by Barcelona,
was nicknamed "The Chaste" because were not known children
outside of the marriage. He didn't practice the chastity completely,
since had children with his wife Sancha of Castile, but that
moderation surprised at these times. And moreover Alfonso II
aided the arts and norms of the courteous love and himself trained
in the troubadour, poetry. At his death, divided the Kingdom among
his sons, Pedro and Alfonso