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Number 16. July de 1999. Spanish language  Principal menu

Aragonia: the name of Aragon

 

     To specify the origin of the name of Aragon, necessarily we will have to transmit us to Lucio Marineo Sículo (1460-1533), sicilian historian who came to Spain in 1484 to teach in Salamanca city, and to which Fernando The Catholic claimed for his Court (named to him chaplain and chronicler). Lucio,  Dolmen of Santa Elena (Biescas) in his Chronicle of Aragon (Zaragoza,1509), specifies that, due to the fact that by these territories passes the river Ebro, in a principle, this region would be known as Iberia. It will be afterwards, after the invasion of the French Celts, when will receive the name like Celtiberia.

    The legend counts, that with the invasion of the Greek Hercules (who will defeat to the vasconian and cantabrian people) begin to be celebrated holidays (in memory of their victoryy) in the proximities of a river (that seems be the Magrada). This river has its birth in the Pyrinees, crosses Navarra province by Marcilla and it will be gone to assemble thereinafter with the Ebro river. The customary sacrifices that accomplish the Greeks, are carried out in an altar or ara, near that river, as well as the games, that these same designate as agonales. Of this luck, at that time, the river is known as Aragonio (and so, the province as Aragonia, instead of Iberia). Does not result difficult since to conclude, that since altar is synonymous with ARA and that the games that celebrate the Greeks, they are called AGONALES, the fusion of part of both words (ARA + AGONales) will create what we know as ARAGÓN.

Bibliografy: ** "Aragón Legendario". by J. Domínguez. 1984. // * * Manuel Tomé

* Manuel Tomé Bosqued.


History. Beginnig the Aragon Kingdom

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