of Aragon and of Navarrese, Valencia, Majorca,
Sardinia and Corsica and Sicily
Juan II of Aragon, the Big (Medina
del Campo, Castile, June 29 1398 - Barcelona; January 20
of 1479) was duke of Peñafiel, king of Navarrese (1425 - 1479)
and king of Aragon, of Sardinia and of Sicily (1458 - 1479), son of
Fernando I de Antequera and of Leonor Urraca of Castile,
countess of Alburquerque. Juan II were one of the most
long-lived king in the XV century.
The army of the Generality of Catalonia, under the control of Roger Pallarés, besieged Juana and her son in their fortress of Gerona. But the queen could defend herself, for four months, until there came the troops of the king that supported by troops of the French king, forced to raise the encirclement. The price that was agreed by the French help of Luis XI was 200.000 golden doubles, to pay in the course of one year; as payment guarantee there were offered the Cerdaña and the Roussillon that would go on to the French kingdom in case of the payment is not carried out, as this way it was.
During this long war the Catalans were offered whom better help wanted to offer them. His nephew Enrique IV of Castile was nominated a count of Barcelone, but the Castilian nobility forced him to leave Catalonia.
The same offer received the condestable Pedro de Portugal (1463) and was the infant Fernando who, with thirteen years and supervised by the army, conquered in Calaf to the Portuguese, who was dying soon. Later, the Catalans would offer themselves Renato de Anjou (1466).
Juan II continued his harassment, blind and with seventy years, helped by his son, in 1472 managed to enter Barcelona, forcing the rebels to produce obedience. Juan, for reasons of the state, proved to be merciful with the defeated, resigned from the revenge and granted the pardon. In October of the same year the war was finishing with the Capitulation of Pedralbes (1472).
His last action was the useless attempt of recovering the Roussillon and the Cerdaña, territories of which Luis XI had taken possession during the war of Catalonia in exchange for his military support.
In 1469, Juan II coordinated the marriage, celebrated the same year in Valladolid, of his son and hereditary Fernando with his niece Isabel de Castilla, (daughter of Juan II, his cousin), hereditary for her part, of the throne of Castile..
His daughter Leonor, daughter of his first marriage, inherited the kingdom of Navarre and Fernando, son of his second union, who was already a spouse king of Castile by his marriage with Isabel, inherited the kingdom of Aragon and the Catalan counties.
He died for old age in Barcelona on January 19, 1479, being 82 years old, and was buried in the Monastery of Poblet.
The descent of Juan II of Aragon, was prolix, had of two marriages and of some extramarital relation.
From his first marriage with Blanca de Navarra:
- Carlos. (1421 - 1461), Prince of Viana and of Gerona, duke of Gandia and Montblanc, titular king of Navarre, with the name of Carlos IV.
- Juana (1423 - 1425).
- Blanca (1424 - 1464), married Enrique IV of Castile and titular queen of Navarre with the name of Blanca II.
- Leonor (1425 - 1479), married Gastón IV of Foix and titular queen and (after the death of her father) effective of Navarre with the name of Leonor I.
From his second marriage with Juana Enríquez:
- Fernando el Católico (1452 - 1516), His successor in Aragon, with the name of Fernando II, and spouse king of Castile, with the name of Fernando V, for his marriage with Isabel I the Catholic.
- Juana (1454 - 1517), married Fernando I of Naples.
- Leonor (1448 - ¿?)
- María (1455 - ¿?).
Had out of marriage: :
- Juan (1439/40 - 1475), archbishop of Saragossa (1458 - 1475).
- Alfonso, whom his father granted the Villahermosa duchy.
** Manuel Tomé Bosqued
The Aragon Kingdom