|A particular place
loaded with history and legends
It is a village of the county of Huesca,
located in the Somontano (under-mountains) of Barbastro.
It has about 166 inhabitants. Its altitude is of 616 meters on the
sea level. It's from Huesca 41 kilometers. Gentile: adahuescano
and aboscano also.
It is necessary to go up to the plain taking
like reference the mountain of Sevil, in the middle of Somontano;
the Vero river on a hand and Alcanadre one on another.
The earth is ocher and red sometimes, or covered with the gray of
the olive trees, or with the green of the almond groves or with the
almost transparent yellow of the vineyards.
Up, the 616 meters of altitude are
reached on the sea level. Pedro Arnal Cavero, born near there
-in Alquézar town-, sang as anybody to the Somontano
of Huesca, to 17 kilometers from Barbastro at this case,
and at 41 ones from Huesca. In Adahuesca blow winds
from the plain. The landscape extends its panoramic to embrace the
whole district. Jesús Conte Oliveros, born in Abiego,
has also written a lot about these towns that share common desires,
because they are heirs of a same history. The route is known, frequented
in multiple occasions like step for other far away places. But a moment
arrives in that it is necessary to rest the journey and to stop in
the first town that appears beside the highway, crossing of roads.
The stone gives stability to the landscape and is present even in
the roadways of the fields.
The urban nucleus is like a surprise,
because the picturesqueness appears for all the corners. The streets
are narrowed until almost to join in the height through the eaves.
In the buildings the stone and the brick alternate. There are large
doors topped with semicircular arch. To the streets arrive to the
squares or little squares, eddies for the Sun and the plants that
hang of many doors, balconies and windows. Some autochthonous names
come to the memory, like were known: the square of Villa, Low
street, of the Middle, of the Portal, of the Sack, of the Church,
of the Hospital, of the Saints... Some other of next baptism arises,
without a doubt, dedicated to Juan XXIII Pope. The rest is
highway, up to where the newest buildings appear.
The parochial church, with a cathedral aspect,
is of Baroque style, from the XVI century. It presides a square, where
the buildings of rancid flavor are measured with others of modern
construction. There is scarce animation in the streets, in general
excellently taken care. The stream of Alcantarilla that crosses
the town, no longer gives the frights of the past. In the vicinities
has had three rafts, known by the names of Los Fallos, of Pozallo
and of the Valles. Adahuesca charged fame - and follows
maintaining it- for the martyrdom of Nunilo and Alodia,
so described by Augusto Sánchez:
«It exists the tradition that the
day October 21 840 the girls Nunilo and Alodia were martyred -being
about twelve years old- that were from Muslim father and Christian
mother. To the call Nunilo they also give her the names of Ninilón,
Nunilona, Nunila, Nunita and Nuviliona. Their mother knew to inculcate
them the Christian faith; and when, unfortunately, they were orphan,
their father's relative wanted them to renounce of their faith and
he was able to transform into their tutor with full powers to administer
their property. The two virgin girls defended with so much force Christ's
faith that their relative denounced them to Calaf that was the Muslim
judge residing in Alquézar. This made them appear before him, and
not finding in them reason to punish them, he left them in freedom.
The relative, ambitious, denounces them to the wali Zumanhil who was
visir of Abderramán II in Huesca, who, with refined cruelty, ordered
them to behead. Their cadavers were abandoned in a mount so that they
served of food to the prey birds, but these respected them in their
entirety. To the end of some time it was said that from the two bodies
of the virgin martyrs splendors came out in the night, and when this
fact arrived to knowledge of Zumanhil, I order them to throw the cadavers
to a well ».
At this sense, the tradition points out,
on one hand that the Christian extracted those bodies of the well
and communicated the rescue to Íñigo Arista who prepared should
be given to the monastery of San Salvador, on Leyre,
according to privilege given in April 18 842; on the other hand, it
is said that this transfer was verified grace to the influence of
an infanta of Aragon married with a Moorish boss.
The case is that later, some relics of sacred
Nunilo and Alodia were given to their native town of
Adahuesca, where a chapel in their honor was built.
It is convenient to leave the tradition in
its place and the relics of the saints martyrs exposed to the public
worship. The origin is necessary to look for in the faith of a people,
those who has been able to assume their remote history.
The current baptism of the town had its antecedents
in Ahosca and Abosca. Its municipal area occupies 6,60
square kilometers. The water, always somewhat scarce, constituted
a problem, although has been overcome walking the time, but already
in the century XlI registered some lawsuits for that reason, until
was subscribed the document of concord with Alquézar, May of
1148, 13 about the water wheel and the corresponding taking of waters.
In Adahuesca was born Antonio
de Naya y Molina, the first baron of Alcalá. The title
was granted him by Carlos II, March 13 of 1700. Later on, Felipe
V granted him the title of marquis of Viñuales also. At
this way, with the feet in the past, Adahuesca looks to the
future. It extends its look for the wide panoramic. And it goes on
pilgrimage to the sanctuary of Our Mrs. of Treviño, a romanesque
jewel (historical-artistic monument) located inside the municipal
area. The cloister conserves some Gothic details, hardly perceptible
in our days, since it suffered important destructions. Guitart
Aparicio remembers that "It had double columns that supported
reduced arcades of brick, for some reformation; the vault that protects
the romanesque cover subsists yet".
In August 25 the fairs and parties arrive.
Then cheers up more the town. The Summer is there, in any way, serene
and calm, with possibilities doing excursions to the next mountains.
The towns of the somontano have the
assured life. They looked for a medium term for their establishment,
to half of the way between the high and low lands. The history repeats
like a constant, wrought day after day, with the memories and traditions
happening itself with a renovating impulse.
In the sunshine of the evening, some old man
can remember that alive history that embraces and commits all. - By
what does serve to look at the distance if we forget what have before,
within reach of our hand?. Adahuesca took its village where
the panoramic opens up to the total horizons. From there it is succeeded
in seeing so much as one precise to satisfy his necessity.
A modern Center of Interpretation of Legends
and Traditions of Adahuesca have worried about showing what
is and what has supposed the town for its historical and social content.
It is located in San Pedro's Square, s/n. It is opened in schedule
of Summer: from 10 h. to 14 h. In Winter: from 10 h. to 14 h. Saturdays
and Sundays: the whole year Semana Santa, Christmas and other
holidays. In Summer from July 1 to September 15. It closes on Tuesday.
The telephone of information is: 974 30 83 50.
Adahuesca completes to the perfection
its watchtower function and starting point for trips to immediate
Sierra de Guara. To such an end, the existent hostelry establishments
in the place, like Rural and restoring houses of Tourism, are perfectly
prepared to cover the most demanding necessities.