Huesca temática

Number 171. September-October of 2012Spanish language Principal menu

Morrano Village

A particular place
in the Barbastro "Somontano"

     Location of the province of Huesca, in the municipality of Bierge. Population: 36 inhabitans. Altitude: 640 meters above sea level. 35 kilometers far from Huesca. They are named: "morranenses".
      The Arangol chain mountain stands behind the village and the landscape is not just found the plain. In fact, continues sending the Sierra de Guara, although comes to Arangol marking the division between the valleys of two rivers: Formiga and Alcanadre. Morrano is among Bastarás -the village that was sold- and Bierge, dependent on the latter municipality. The village is tended on limestone base, in the olive grounds which once provided the main source of wealth of the term and even of the district.
      The name comes from the Roman Moranus person name, and before place would be village in 1213. It maintained its own council with San Román and Yaso, until 1970-1980, when it joined to Bierge. Its term includes likewise the uninhabited Castelnou.
      In 1097 belonged to the monastery of St. Ponce de Tomeras, by cession of Pedro, bishop of Huesca. On April 8, 1275, Inés, abbess of the Casbas and Ato de Foces, named referees so that would be established the limits among Morrano, Yaso, Sieso and Castelnou. In 1566 the place was of the order of the Hospital, according to Duran Gudiol.
     Its population came to exceed one hundred and fifty inhabitants in the nineteenth century and continued until twenty mid-century. But in 1970 only had 51 inhabitants, to have a lot less now.
     The urban nucleus is built through a main street running through it from side to side, leading to a large square. The straight line is practically impossible, since each section is broken. Secondary streets, short track, link perpendicular to the axis on which they are. The buildings date from the XVI and XVII centuries, at least the oldest, as there are other much more from recent times, when not offered refurbished. The ashlar stone and brick listed as primary building materials, although the first only appears occasionally.

     The Town Hall was attractive; keeping its old elegance. So that did not there was doubts, lit up the date of its construction: year 1733.
     There is a reference to 1279 (Rius, "Rationes", page 8), which states that the church of Santa Cecilia of Morrano was San Pedro "El Viejo" in Huesca, but in Morrano they did not know a reason by this church, since the church is dedicated to San Pedro. It is a Romanesque building, which retains its circular apse and bell tower raised together the head, three bodies. In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries there was a remodel, which divided the nave into three sections and chapels were opened as cruise arms, covered with the corresponding domes. The first section of the nave is covered with a barrel vault, and crashed the other two. The entrance door is located at the foot and opens in arch, sheltered under portico.
      The chapel of St. Bartholomew is from the seventeenth century. Are cited San Cristóbal and St. Vincent Martyr also.

  Click, another photograph

      The lineage of Morrano persons corresponds to an aragonese family documented already in the sixteenth century, using as heraldries weapons a gold shield with three branches vert, arranged in triangle.
     Call our attention a "pond" of medium proportions, located in the same village, whose water no doubt has its uses for irrigation.


Julio BriosoManuel Tomé   Photographs * "Alfonso Zapater. Aragón Pueblo a Pueblo
** Manuel Tomé Bosqued

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