student of various materials
He was born in Barbuñales (HU)
on May 19, 1742 and died in Huesca on October 20, 1821. He
is one of the Aragoneses with more Hispanic-American and European
significance of the eighteenth century.
He began his studies at the 'oscense'
Sertoriana (from Huesca), under the direction of his uncle
Don Mamés de Azara (canon of the Cathedral of Huesca).
He studied there from 1757 to 1761; studied Philosophy, Arts and Law,
although attracted to a military career, he became a cadet of Infantry
Galicia Regiment. He studied mathematics in Barcelona,
being promoted to Second Lieutenant of Infantry and eyeliner Engineer
National Army and Borders.
After several jobs in rivers hydrological
correction (Henares), fortification in Figueras and
Mallorca, took part in the expedition to Algiers in 1775, where
he is seriously injured and rescued by Count Fuentes.
As Lieutenant Colonel of Engineers of San
Sebastián in 1781 received orders to go to Rio de la
Plata as commissioner of limits and as Commander. There should
give effect to the Pardo treaty of 1778 fixing the Hispanic-Lusitanian
land border in South America. He spent 12 years waiting for the Portuguese
side that should work with him, but that allowed a thorough study
of Paraguay under item Hispanic, socioeconomic, geographic,
zoological and ornithological, which made him indispensable person
of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata.
Named "honorary citizen'', was charged
with the colonization of what is now Uruguay, choosing as his
lieutenant, José Gervasio Artigas, who would be later
prócer (national hero) founder of the Republic of Uruguay.
It was the year 1801 when he received permission to return home, going
to Paris, where his brother Joseph (was ambassador of Napoleon Bonaparte),
he presented at the Museum of Natural History where Cuvier and many
others were greeted with admiration.
After resigning the Viceroyalty of Mexico
that offered Godoy and accept being a member of the Board of
Fortification of both Americas, he retires to his hometown.
And after the War of Independence, he goes
to Huesca. This time he was appointed alderman of the city,
not being accepted by the people such a Satué, known for 'Frenchified'.
As a member of the Royal Economic "Aragonesa"
Society of Friends of the Country since 1779, he performs his latest
studies Aragonese court: `Las pardinas del Alto Aragón', `Los olivos
de Alquézar y sus aldeas' and others on the Aragonese decay and
division the region in the provinces. He died in Huesca in
1821 and was buried in the cathedral pantheon of Lastanosa.
He was portrayed by Goya in 1805.
Some of his international works are:
`Reports on the rural state of Rio de la Plata ',` Páxaros
of Paraguay', `Quadrupeds of Paraguay',' Travel to South America '(compendium);
the last three, led to the initiation of the theory of evolution of
species (years later, developed by Darwin).
Felix de Azara, has much iconography;
he has dedicated a monument in Asuncion also and a statue in Barcelona.