Broto: valley city
Municipality of 163 inhabitants to 905 m. of height, 100 Km. to Huesca and 128 Km2. of extension that includes the entities of Asín de Broto, Ayerbe of Broto Basarán, Bergua, Buesa, Escartín, Otal, Oto, Sarvisé and Yosa. It is mentioned in 1076 and it had 41 fires (1 fire = 4 persons) in 1488. The hamlet is located in the head-board of the Valley of Broto to borders of the Ara river that, divides the urban hull in two parts. The ancient hull is adjusted by the borders of the Ara river and the parochial church, located in a strong declivity; while the expansive shaft (initiate in first half of the s. XX) continues to the highway regional, where it is the "New Broto Urbanization" accomplished during 1970.
Broto has a notable forest and cattle wealth, as well as an important commercial and hotel endowment. Emphasize the parochial of San Pedro (date of 1578) that it is of "aragonesian" Gothic style; it has a defensive tower that controls the step of the ancient bridge (it was destroyed in the civil war). Also the hermitage of San Clement (XVI century) and that of San Blas (XVI century) with a magnificent Gothic altarpiece of San Salvador (XV century) exposed in the Museum of Zaragoza. It exist the depopulated medieval of Selvazano, Orús, Gazque and Castiello de Muriello. This last word continues outstanding in the Virgin hermitage of Murillo, re-edified in the XVIII century (1780) where there were defenses of medieval type that master a wide visual field of its surroundings. This ancient Villa of Broto is the capital of the Valley that is seated in a peaceable fields glen and meadows to the skirts of Diazas, Pueyo (2028 m.), Campaneta (1893) and Manchova (2034).
The name, according to Moncant, it is of origin "euscara" (a language from North of Spain ) and means "a place cover of many brambles". It seems that it received that name from its first inhabitants and that in the Middle Ages, it had there a strength to defend that bridge (in the center of the town) of the that alone remain the stirrups. Because of its geographical situation it had great importance in the medieval warriors expeditions. In 1512, it was declared in favor of the king Fernando the Catholic against the kingdom of +Navarra and the County of Bigorre. The "Anales of Labedá" indicate that, many houses and the own hospital of Gavarnie, they were ransacked in 1523 for those of Valley of Broto, after gone to war between France and Spain, beeing announced the conclusion of the agreement between those valleys (1390). In this time are notable the dissent of this valley with the neighbor of Baréges, by the possession of the grasss of that slope; there was navy struggle that concluded with an agreement 2 of July of 1390, for which is made a truce of hundred a years, being recognized common possession. This treaty or "pacería" was re-established 1-Julio-1575 and then, it suffered modifications as time goes by. The Succession War influenced the zone, therefore 1712 was signed in Gavarnie a new agreement between Broto and Baréges, for which it continuous outstanding the right to property of the first through the payment of a rate. A delimiting treaty, signed by Napoleón III of France, and Isabel II of Spain (14 of June of 1862), establish the rights of both Valleys to the border mountains and to the forms and utilization dates of the grasss, that then they have been modified in part. Broto is an excellent summery station; it has a soft summer temperatures and it constitutes the mall and economic of the valley.
Emphasize the Hermitage of San Clement in the interior of the population; it was restored and its walls preserve the classic architecture of these latitudes. Of the church of the Piedad (Piety), that had an important confraternity, remain some remains. To the hermitage of Nuestra Señora de Murillo (Our Mrs. of Murillo) to 1.470 m. of height, goes in pilgrimage 1 of May. It is typical dance it or "pastorada" (shepherd dance) of Broto (it is of the most ancient) than is called here "palotiau" in the one which intervene porters forming groups of four; they tend to make it in employer holidays, first October Sunday and in the procession of the Corpus.
* Manuel Tomé Bosqued.