Huesca thematic

Number 40. July of 2001. Spanish language  Principal menu

Bielsa Town (Spain)

     It is a village with about 300 inhabitants to 1.024 m. of height. It administers the entities of Chisagüés, Espierba, Javierre and Parzán. It was documented in 1098 and in 1488 it had 73 homes.
    The urban helmet is located in the Cinca and Barrosa confluence rivers; while the village, is centered around the biggest square that is presided over by the City Council of the village. The buildings have been restored of the destructions caused during the Spanish Civil War (it was call "Bolsa de Bielsa") and they follow the rule of the mountain construction of the Pyrenees.
    To the cattle and forest resources, they unite those derived of the tourist movement (given the vicinity with the Valley of Pineta) and of the floating population that generates in both senses the TransPyrenean Tunnel Bielsa-Aragnouet (France).
    In the architectural thing they highlight the City Council and the Parochial Church (object of multiple reformations: the last one, in 1940) that are buildings of Renaissance inspiration. There is a hermitage, dedicated to the Virgin, in the back part of the Valley of Pineta.
    Bielsa has some  Landscape of Bielsa, its valley very original carnivals, as well as an Ethnologic Museum installed in the City Council that includes old picture of its municipality.
    The dates of celebration of the carnival, are those of all the carnivals, and they last three days, but here is an anthropological phenomenon of great popular importance and symbolism whose origin gets lost in the time. The " trangas " are youngs with skirts and shirts of colors, with their heads and the backs covered by a ram skin who are provided with a great horn; the face goes smutty of black and the teeth are made with potato; they carry a cowbell to the waist. The tranga is hit with force in the floor. They symbolize to the fertility. The " madamas " are young women no-married with a skirt of knots, and ribbon of colors; they symbolize the purity. Other characters are: the " amontato ", the " caballet ", the " goluchos ", the " garretas " and the " Cornelio ", puppet that symbolizes the carnival and that it is burnt the last day.

* Gathered of diverse sources for M. Tomé



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