Huesca temática

Number 93. February of 2006Spanish language Principal menu


Junzano

Although not very well-known,
a visit is highly advisable.



      Junzano is one of those places of the not very well-known county, maybe as consequence of its enclave, far away a so much of the normal roads of communication. But it is, at the same time, a very interesting place, a town that is necessary to visit without hurries, savoring their urban corners and, mainly, their surroundings.
      It belongs to the Comarca de la Hoya de Huesca, although their lands are abutting with Somontano de Barbastro. To arrive from Huesca it is necessary to catch in Angüés the deviation toward Casbas. To about 2 kilometers to the right is signalled the deviation that drives direct and exclusively to Junzano.
      Although Pascual Madoz, in his Geographical-statistical-historical "Dictionary of Spain and their possessions of Overseas" of the year 1845 says that "the population has 35 houses that compose several streets and a paved square, demolished consistorial house, jail, school of first letters to which 12 children converge, gifted the teacher in 743 rs. annual". and, on the other hand, the census of the year 1970 belonged to 93 inhabitants, nothing about it has a relationship with the current situation in which the current population is composed by a dozen of fixed inhabitants, number that increases considerably the weekends when the descendants that live in other places of the county go. Nowadays, the listing of houses and fixed residents are the following one: Casa San, two people; Casa Moliner, four people; Casa Adulero (or Nicanor), two people; Casa Roque, 1 person; Casa Trallero, two people; Casa Agón, a person; Casa Zazurca, 1 person, and Casa Sista, a person.
    The town, built on a lightly inclined platform, consists of several streets of irregular design, to each other and presiding over, on a terrace, the church of the Transfiguration, built in the XVI century with ashlars, brick and tapial (stone wall); of a single ship with lateral chapels, was completed, in the XVIII century, with a slender tower of three bodies, both first of seat and the last of brick. Church that needs with urgency an economic investment to tidy up all their interior..
   Although the documental first data appear dated in the year 1104 with occasion of a concord that carry out the bishop of Huesca and the influential abbot of Montearagón is possible that the name of Junzano speaks to us of some character of Roman time, what can represent the first establishment in the place. It is known that the church, in 1279, has dependence of the abbey of Montearagón and will continue this way until the end of the Half Age. The influence of the nuns of Casbas was made notice and although the church belonged to the monastery founded by Sancho Ramírez, the place depended on these nuns of Casbas in the last centuries of the Middle Ages. In 1375, as consists in the "Records of the process of Cortes de Tamarite", the ownership belonged to the abbess of Casbas.
     They are equally known some data of Junzano throughout Elvira Sánchez de Antillón that consents to the position of abbot among 1295-1300 and lasts up to 1331, when occupies abbess's position Teresa Gomblat de Entenza for the death of the previous one. In that interval of time, February of 1308, 3 the king Jaime II grant a privilege for which grants to the monastery half of the seigniorage corresponding to him, in the places of Bierge, Peralta, Torres de Alcanadre y Torrillón, Casbas, Sieso, Yeso, Bascués and Junzano.
     In the section of agricultural possessions, without a doubt one of the sectors of the economy of Casbas, appear, among other sectors, the section of the vineyard, in which stand out those belonging to the Monastery and that they were in municipal terms of Casbas, Bandaliés, Montearagón, Liesa, Coscullano, Siétamo, Bierge and Junzano, among other.

     Near to the population is the hermitage of Our Mrs. of Torrolluelas, built possibly in the XVIII century with structure of ashlars and stone wall adornments. It is of a ship covered with canyon vault and bigger chapel with apse of five cloths whose vault is adorned with little windows. To the feet, on the entrance, the choir. The entrance is of arch of half point with added piazza of simple line and elliptic vault. The reed-mace is built in brick. The uninhabited house of the santero (the guard) is built annexed to the building in the south part. In this hermitage they take place the population's religious acts at the present time, highlighting the pilgrimage of first Sunday after The Ascension that usually coincides with the celebration of the biggest parties. To the coexistence in the hermitage the immense majority of the neighbors of Junzano that arrive of the places go where they reside at the moment. Formerly, it was festival day September 8, party of Virgin María's Nativity and that day the image was worshipped by the faithful ones from Junzano to those that also united people of Angüés, Casbas, Abiego and other near nuclei.
     The Marian local tradition speaks of two towns, Torrolluala de la Plana and Torrolluala del Obico, towns of Sobrarbe deforested in the decade of the years 60. The image got off Torrolluala del Obico; opposing and restored to its origin place, time and again appeared in a near mound of Junzano again, what came to mean the Virgin's desire that there a hermitage was built, like it
was made. At the moment she is worshipped in the described hermitage, although it is also possible that she was worshipped in the place described next.
     One of the most interesting places in the area and that should not be stopped to visit it is the hermitage of romanesque style dedicated to Our Mrs. of Salillas or Saliellas, known popularly as "Iglesieta de los moros". To arrive it is necessary to take a track to the right hardly passed last kilometer the deviation in address to the town. Some hundreds of meters for track take us until a small elevation where the remains of this hermitage run off with, remains that at the present time only leave visible a part of hermitage. Surroundings, dug in the gritty rock, room structures, silos, anthropomorphous tombs, perrons are observed.

     Junzano, in short, offers the visitor a reason for the reflection, the walk for their completely irregular streets, to walk for their surroundings, ...... It is convenient to go without hurry, and after already visiting the urban nucleus and the near hermitages pointed out, you can complete the day with near visits to Casbas de Huesca, hermitage of Bascués, the well of ice of Casbas, and other so many places located in the oriental area of the Comarca de la Hoya de Huesca / Plana de Uesca.

To know more:

-Antonio Naval Más. Inventario del Patrimonio Artístico de España. Huesca y su Provincia. Tomo I. Ministerio de Cultura. 1980.
-Damián Peñart y Peñart. La devoción a la Virgen María en el Altoaragón. 1998.
-Domingo J. Buesa Conde. Cuadernos Altoaragoneses V. Diario del Altoaragón. 1989.
-Lourdes Ascaso Sarvisé. El monasterio cisterciense de Santa María de Casbas (1173-1350).
-Pascual Madoz. Diccionario Geográfico-Estadístico-Histórico de España y sus posesiones de Ultramar. 1845.

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 To see some photographs of this article ....
* By Pedro AYUSO VIVAR




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