Huesca temática

Number 180. April-May of 2014 Spanish language Principal menu

Saint Vincent martyr

Patron Saint of the city
of Huesca

    Vincent was born in Huesca (the "Osca" of the rormans) in the middle of the IIIth century; he was a son of Christian parents. His mother was called Enola (which according to some, she was the sister of the martyr Saint Lawrence) .and his father was named Eutiquio (who had the title of consul). Lawrence course studies and began his apostoltic activity in Zaragoza (ancient and roman Caesaragusta). The life of Vincent have lapsed in January 304 in the city of Valencia (the roman Valentia). His feast is celebrated the same date and he is the older martyr known of Hispania. In addition to be patron of the city of Huesca, he is of Valencia and Portugal also.
     He studied the ecclesiastical career in Zaragoza, on either side of the bishop Valero. "Our Vicente", would say Prudencio, reserving this glory for Zaragoza, the city of Spain that had more martyrs. San Valero, who had little ease of expression, was appointed him Archdeacon or first deacon, for supplementing in sacred chair. With barely 22 years ago he was deacon of the bishop of Zaragoza Valero, Valerio or Valerius in latin (San Valero) of the diocese of Caesaraugusta. The name of Vincent means "conqueror in the battle of the faith"..
    We are at the beginning of the fourth century, in the tenth and most cruel persecution against the Church decreed by Diocletian and applied by Daciano in Spain. Prisons, which were reserved before for common criminals, soon filled up with bishops, priests and deacons, writes Eusebius of Caesarea. It was the tactic followed faithfully by Daciano.
     The Roman emperor Diocletian (284-305), was sent to Hispania to the prefect (Governor) of the Carthaginian, Daciano, with orders to suppress to the christians. According to an edict by which all the inhabitants of the empire must worship the emperor as if a God is concerned.
    Faced with the refusal of Vincent and Valero to worship the emperor Daciano takes them arrested to the Roman colony of "Valentia" (Valencia), already that he did not dare to judge them in Zaragoza for the great sympathy rise both. Valentia by the time was a city still little or nothing christianised. At the judgment, the bishop Valerio that had difficulty speaking (perhaps he would be a stammerer) commissioned Vincent who will speak for both. During the same judgment, Valerio is banished, while Vincent what are subjected to torture to provoke his apostasy (colt, grapples and fire).
    Vincent was nailed to a cross in "X" form and tortured in the colt, (colt of torture in which the convicted person is dislocated), he was whipped, opened his meat with hooks of steel. Then was skinned and placed in a grid in coals. Later thrown into a grim prison, to a cell full of broken glass, where he died.

      Thrown in a midden (trash can) was defended by a crow, by what Daciano ordered to thrown him into the sea in the interior of a water skin and with a millstone, but miraculously he was returned to the shore on a nearby beach to Portus Sucronis (current Cullera), where a woman named Jónica (Ionicia) hid him until in the year 313 Constantine the Great promulgated the Edict of Milan, and he may receive sepulture in a small church located on the outskirts of Valencia that will receive the name of San Vicente de la Roqueta. On the place where according to the tradition, the waves of the sea returned the body of San Vicente to the ground, there is a hermitage known with the name of San Lorenzo Chapel. In the Cathedral of Valencia preserves the left arm of the Protomartyr, regaled by Pietro Zampieri of the diocese of Padua (Venice) on 22 January 1970. The relic is located in the Chapel of the Resurrection located behind the high altar. The path that made San Vicente Martir from Zaragoza (Caesaraugusta) passes through Cariñena, Daroca, Forcall, Morella, Traiguera, where it joins with the Via Augusta toward Sagunto and Valencia and is supposed to be accomplished at the end of December 303 or first of January of 304. In total between 750 and 800 kilometers facts to feet in the middle of winter.
      Daciano said: "Draw from here to the bishop, because it is just that suffer the penalty of banishment, for having despised the imperial edict. But to this rebel there is to submit to more harsh torment. Hold down him to the colt, and there dislocate his members and all the body. That he goes on to the torture of law and scroll through the most painful torments and, if so much time takes his soul, at least that his body was surrendered between martyrdoms. While I am alive, he can not overcome me."

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      Then, Vicente dropped of the saddle, he was taken by the executioners to the torment of the fire. But Vincent, with more stubborn confession principle continued confessing Christ as Lord. Finally, he is sent to prison, where he found the death on January 22 of the 304.

 El Compromiso de Caspe. Requiere Power Point.  Particulares consideraciones de Arturo Pérez Reverte sobre la Corona de Aragón. Requiere Power Point.  Manuel Tomé *  Saint Vincent Martyr, Valencia city Patron.
** Manuel Tomé Bosqued

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